This study was published in the Drug and Alcohol Review in 2016. It examined the available research associated with alcohol-related disparities among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals and identified gaps that still need to be addressed. The study examined existing research on these topics as well as made recommendations for further study. One of the identified gaps is research on the intersection within sexual identity in transgender and gender non-conforming people. Additionally, there is a lack of research on how sexual and relationship partners affect a person’s pattern of alcohol use.
What is the Environmental Survey Instrument. The ESI is a phone survey created to evaluate the perceptions of community members around how coalitions are implementing environmental strategies to prevent underage drinking as well as binge drinking among young adults. The study acknowledged the problems found in trying to evaluate environmental strategy efforts of community coalitions.
The survey included over 1,800 respondents across seven large counties in Texas. They found connections between intervening variables, also called community factors, and alcohol-related behaviors. For example, people who perceive easy community access to alcohol were more likely to report driving while intoxicated.
Development of the Environmental Strategies Instrument to Measure Adolescent Alcohol Prevention-Related Outcomes in Community Settings
Abstract: Recently, evidence-based community policy approaches to preventing substance use and alcohol abuse, called environmental strategies, have gained in popularity. The environmental survey instru- ment (ESI) was developed to evaluate perceptions around drinking and related problems. Specifically, the authors were interested in assessing community perceptions about prevention practices. The 53-item self-report survey tool collects data on alcohol consumption patterns and risky behaviors such as drinking-while-intoxicated (DWI) rates. Data from the ESI collected through phone survey methods in 2008 were used for scale development analysis.